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What Are The 5 Components of Physical Fitness

5 Components of Physical Fitness

The 5 Components of  Physical Fitness are often used in our school systems, health clubs, and fitness centers to measure who we really are. The 5 components that constitute the total physical state are:

  • Cardiovascular Endurance
  • Muscular Strength
  • Muscular endurance
  • Flexibility
  • Body Composition

Total fitness can be defined by the body’s performance in each of the components of fitness as a whole. It is not enough to be able to put pressure on your body weight. You also need to figure out how well you can handle a mile, etc.

Let’s Take A Closer Look At The Individual 5 Components of Physical Fitness:

Cardiovascular endurance

It is the ability of the heart and lungs to work together to provide the body with oxygen and fuel during heavy workloads. Examples would be jogging, cycling, and swimming. The Cooper Run is most often used to test cardiovascular endurance.

Muscular strength

It is the amount of force that a muscle can produce. Examples would be the bench press, leg press, or bicep curl. The push-up test is most often used to test muscle strength.

Muscular endurance

It is the ability of muscles to function continuously without fatigue. Examples would be cycling, stepping machines, and elliptical machines. The sit-up test is most often used to test muscle endurance.


It is the ability of each joint to move within the range of motion available for a specific joint. Examples would be the stretching of individual muscles or the ability to perform certain functional movements such as the lunge. The sit and reach test is most often used to test flexibility.

Body composition

Does the amount of fat mass compare to lean muscle mass, bones, and organs? This can be measured using underwater weighing, skinfold readings, and bioelectrical impedance. Underwater weighing is considered the “gold standard” for measuring body fat, but due to the size and cost of the equipment required, very few places are set up to perform this type of measurement.

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