There are many reasons why automation testing is quite beneficial in software development. By following the best testing practices, you may enhance the possibility that your testing strategies will deliver the highest return on investment (ROI). Automated testing will shorten your development cycles, assist you in avoiding tiresome, repetitive tasks, and help you increase the quality of your product. Applying best practices will provide you with a strong foundation, based on which you can start improving software quality.
In-depth testing is extremely required for a software product to succeed. There is a significant chance that most users won’t buy or use your program, at least not for very long, if it doesn’t work as intended. But finding errors, also referred to as bugs, can be time-consuming and expensive.
By automatically using automated testing, a procedure in which QA teams use software tools to carry out intricate, repetitive, and data-intensive tests, teams can enhance software quality and make the best of their limited testing resources. Test automation tools let teams test more quickly, allow them to test large amounts of code, better test accuracy, and free up QA engineers to concentrate on tests that require their unique human skills and attention.
Testing automation helps you produce higher-quality software while streamlining your operations and reducing costs and time. However, you can’t just dive in and count on automation to deliver the results you want right away. Before you can count on your releases to be successful, you must have a well-defined strategy. You risk missing out on all the benefits of automated testing if you don’t have a test automation strategy. Therefore, one needs a test automation strategy that is both successful and efficient to deploy automated testing and acquire a strong, better-planned development life cycle. Let’s delve more deeply into the core elements of an excellent test automation plan.
Automated Testing Techniques for Best Results
When it comes to testing automation, the secret to success is always a method that is results-driven and uses an affordable testing automation strategy. Implementing and employing an effective test automation strategy will help businesses stay competitive and avoid serious technical failures. An automation testing method also includes tools and pre-written scripts to perform tests on many levels.
Careful planning of the development life cycle and the application of strategic test automation can boost the success rate of software. The plan for automating testing must be goal-oriented and outline all crucial metrics pertinent to the product. The main goals of an automation testing strategy include disclosing, identifying, and auditing risks, flaws, and even capabilities of the application under test. One must comprehend the strategy’s life cycle to create a good test automation plan.
Here are the Tips for Implementing Effective Test Automation
1. Goal-Oriented Strategy
You must sit down and create a plan and strategy whenever you have a goal. A plan cannot be developed without a target or objective in mind. Similarly, a group or team works on a software project intending to attain a particular objective. Various tactics are developed to accomplish the goal.
The test automation approach must be used to reach the target endpoint. Choose a few objectives that you can accomplish. It is much easier to create a testing strategy that will enable the goals to be achieved if this is kept in mind. The destination comes first, as the phrase goes.
Analyzing if the test can be automated is the first step in the test automation life cycle. An automated system cannot perform every software test. To determine which procedures can be automated and which testing scenarios you shouldn’t, perform an automation feasibility analysis. Using this information, you can then prioritize which jobs to automate and which to leave manually. For instance, you could wish to consider automating the following features:
- Testing across a range of different platforms and user interfaces.
- Test situations require a lot of repetition, like signing in and entering captchas and one-time passwords.
- Processes that handle several inputs at once, including completing forms and examining validations
- For some activities, manual testing is time-consuming and difficult.
- Time-bound processes that can be either asynchronous or performed in batches.
- The automation feasibility analysis looks into every scenario that could arise. Which tests can be automated? This is the main query that needs to be addressed.
Once it has been decided which skills will be assessed automatically, one can choose the best tools and implementation strategy. You can eventually arrive at an effective test automation technique as a result.
2. Identify the Tests that can be Automated
Every test cannot be automated because some of them require human intervention to be completed. This makes it impossible to automate every test. Determining the types of tests that would most benefit from automation is the first step in creating a plan for test automation. Utilizing automated testing with the following features is strongly advised:
- Tests that could be tainted by human error
- Tests with a lot of data and requiring repetitive effort
- Tests that needed the usage of several data sets
- Tests that are executed on multiple builds.
- Tests that should be executed on different hardware, OS configurations, and platforms.
- Tests that focus on frequently used functions.
3. Divide Tasks According to Skill
Make sure you assign each test suite and individual test case to a distinct personality based on their unique technical expertise. For instance, if a specific tool is required to conduct the test, that tool will allow team members with different skill levels to develop test scripts easily. But if the group chooses to use one of the open-source tools, things become more challenging. If this is the case, someone familiar with the coding used by that specific tool would be needed to help design automation testing.
4. Ownership of Tests
If you want to handle all automated testing projects, don’t just employ one tester or engineer. The other team members won’t be able to contribute anything that has any real worth if they aren’t kept up to date throughout the process. The entire team must support the idea of automation to integrate it into the testing infrastructure appropriately. As a result, everyone on the team can better grasp the process, communicate more honestly, and make more informed decisions about the configuration and execution of the relevant tests.
5. Eliminate Uncertainty
Automation is used in testing to make sure the outcomes are accurate. Testers must identify the reasons if the test fails. On the other hand, whenever there are more inconsistencies and false positives, the time required to examine errors increases correspondingly.
To prevent this, it is vital to remove uncertainty by removing unstable tests from regression packs. Additionally, because their software may be outdated, automated tests occasionally ignore crucial verifications. Prevent this by carrying out thorough test planning before starting any actual test runs. Always consider whether each test is up to date with the latest knowledge. Ensure that the validity of the automated tests is sufficiently assessed at each stage of the testing process.
6. Select the Testing Framework or Tool
The automation testing procedure requires the usage of particular tools. Consider the following factors while choosing the right device:
- Software nature:
Is this a mobile app or a web-based software that is being tested? To test web-based software, an automated testing tool like Selenium. To test mobile apps, you can choose to use Appium.
- Programming Experience:
- Whether it is Open Source or not:
One may use open-source technologies for automation, such as Appium or Selenium, although the budget heavily influences this choice. Despite this, it’s important to remember that open-source software alternatives to equivalent commercially accessible ones are in no way inferior. Consider Selenium WebDriver, an open-source technology that automated testers worldwide.
LamndaTest is one tool that can help you perform your job faster. Along with more than 35+ automation frameworks, LambdaTest allows users to conduct tests in over 3000+ operating systems and browsers.
7. Testing on Real Devices
Whatever type of website it is must be tested on real browsers. Remember that device fragmentation is one of the biggest obstacles that every developer and tester must overcome. Every website must operate flawlessly on various browsers, devices, and operating systems. Because more than 9000 devices are being used to access the internet globally, every website needs to be optimized for various viewports, screen resolutions, and setups.
No emulator or simulator can faithfully replicate the situations that actual users encounter. To ensure that websites continue to run properly under real-world circumstances, such as incoming calls, low battery, weak network strength, and so on, it is important to test websites on actual devices. Use a cloud-based testing provider that offers real hardware as an option if you do not have access to an internal lab. More than 2000+ real devices and browsers may be tested automatically using the cloud-based Selenium Grid. Users can test several real devices and browsers by simply creating an account, logging in, and selecting the required combo choices.
Never release a website before testing it on devices used by actual people. Customers that visit the website may encounter flaws and mistakes that could have been easily avoided, and negative user experiences will lead to a decline in users.
8. Employ Data-Driven Testing
Making the test manually is no longer an option when multiple data points need to be evaluated simultaneously. Because of the large amount of data that needs to be processed and the sheer number of variables that need to be taken into account, a human can’t perform quick and error-free tests. When data-driven automated testing is implemented, the method is condensed to a single test and a single data set. The process can then be simplified using this test and data set to cycle through different data settings.
Test automation can only help develop high-quality software and save time-to-market when used with defined best practices. It is crucial to realize that each testing team’s and company’s requirements are unique. Learn about these best practices, then apply them suitably for the offering, the business, and the target market.
Organizations must follow a strategic approach to implement effective test automation, including identifying the proper tests, selecting the right tools, designing maintainable tests, establishing clear roles and responsibilities, and fostering collaboration between teams. Organizations can adopt these eight tips to increase testing efficiency, reduce errors, and improve software quality.