How To Install And Maintain Hardwood Floors

How to install and maintain hardwood floors

Hardwood floors are a popular choice for homeowners due to their durability, natural beauty, and longevity. However, installing and maintaining hardwood floors can be challenging if you’re not familiar with the process. In this blog, we’ll go over the steps for installing and maintaining hardwood floors.

Installation Process

Step 1: Preparing the Subfloor

The first step in installing hardwood floors is to prepare the subfloor. The subfloor must be level, clean, and free of any debris. It’s important to make sure the subfloor is structurally sound and can support the weight of the new flooring.

Step 2: Acclimating the Wood

Before installing the hardwood flooring, it’s essential to let the wood acclimate to the room’s temperature and humidity. This process ensures the wood’s stability and prevents any issues like cupping or warping. You should let the wood sit in the room where it’ll be installed for at least three days.

Step 3: Laying the Moisture Barrier

To prevent moisture from getting into the wood, you need to lay a moisture barrier over the subfloor. This barrier can be felt paper or a plastic sheet. Make sure that the moisture barrier covers the entire subfloor and overlaps the seams.

Step 4: Laying the Flooring

The next step is to lay the hardwood flooring. The installation method depends on the type of hardwood flooring you choose. Some of the most common installation methods include:

  • Nail down: This method involves nailing the hardwood planks to the subfloor using a pneumatic flooring nailer.
  • Glue down: This method involves applying adhesive to the subfloor and then placing the hardwood planks on top.
  • Floating: This method involves laying the hardwood planks on top of a foam underlayment without any attachment to the subfloor.

It’s essential to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the specific installation method you choose.

Step 5: Finishing the Floor

After installing the hardwood flooring, you need to finish it. The finishing process involves sanding, staining, and sealing the wood. The sanding process smoothes out any imperfections and prepares the wood for staining. The staining process adds color to the wood, and the sealing process protects the wood from damage.

Maintenance Process

Maintaining hardwood floors is crucial to ensure their longevity and beauty. Here are some tips for maintaining your hardwood floors:

  1. Clean Regularly

Regular cleaning is essential for maintaining hardwood floors. You should sweep or vacuum the floor daily to remove dirt, dust, and debris. You can also use a microfiber mop to clean the floor with a mild cleaning solution.

  1. Protect the Floor

To protect the hardwood floor from scratches and dents, you should use furniture pads under the legs of the furniture. You should also avoid dragging heavy objects on the floor.

  1. Control the Humidity

Humidity can affect the stability of the hardwood floor. You should maintain a relative humidity level between 30% and 50% to prevent the wood from expanding or contracting.

  1. Refinish When Necessary

Over time, hardwood floors can get scratched, scuffed, or dull. When this happens, you need to refinish the floor. Refinishing involves sanding the floor and applying a new coat of stain and sealer. You should refinish the floor every 7-10 years or when necessary.


Installing and maintaining hardwood floors require careful planning and attention to detail. By following the installation and maintenance steps outlined in this blog, you can ensure that your hardwood floors remain beautiful and durable for years to come. Remember to acclimate the wood, prepare the subfloor, use the appropriate installation method, clean the floor regularly, protect the floor from scratches and dents, control the humidity, and refinish when

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